This research provides a glimpse into how lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) people living in Wales experience and view sport. The findings examine several key areas of the sport experience: current participation levels; what it is like to take part in club sports or team sports; school sport; stereotypes in sport; types of discrimination experienced by LGB individuals in sport; and LGB visibility in sport.
Lesbian, gay and bisexual people make up around 6% of the UK population. Sexual orientation is defined as a protected characteristic in the Equality Act (2010), to protect individuals or groups of people from being discriminated against due to their sexual orientation.
A person’s sexual orientation should not be a barrier to them participating in sport, watching sport, or excelling at sport; but prior research indicates that it is a barrier. Anti-gay or homophobic discrimination has been documented in a variety of sport settings, including schools (e.g. the Stonewall School Report, 2012) and clubs (e.g. Plummer, 2006). A report for the Equality Network (Smith et al., 2012) indicates that “while sport bodies are content to take positive action around equality in general there appears to be hesitancy on taking action related to sexual orientation”.
This research was the result of a successful and enthusiastic partnership between Sport Wales and Stonewall Cymru, and is evidence of the benefits of sharing different expertise and knowledge.
Editor's comments - [ In the summer of 2012, in partnership with Stonewall Cymru, they invited lesbian, gay and bisexual individuals living in Wales to share their views about sport by taking part in focus groups, semi-structured interviews or completing an online survey.
This research reveals that whilst many lesbian, gay and bisexual people are interested in sport, they have also been put off by negative experiences or the perception that it is an unpleasant and unsafe environment for gay people.
Sport Wales says that if these issues are not addressed, they risk excluding and not inspiring, a generation of people from the many benefits offered by taking part in sports. The message Sport Wales says is clear: those involved in the running of sport must do more to show their commitment to tackling homophobia and encouraging gay people to take part in sport. ] Reference this?Cryer, J. (2012). This page title in italics. Retrieved date, from In the text: Cryer (2012)
Reference : Sport Wales. (2012). Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual (LGB) People in Sport: Understanding LGB sports participation in Wales. Cardiff: Sport Wales
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