Most countries of Europe have seen increasing levels of migration and demographic changes in recent years. However, the adjustments that both migrating and receiving communities need to make to adapt to each other have not kept pace with the scale of social changes taking place. Consequently numerous fault lines and areas of conflict exist in society, which if not addressed can flourish in the form of racism and xenophobia. The Eurobarometer 2007 survey shows that levels of prejudice towards ethnic minorities remain high, but also that the longer people benefited from education, the more they favour the concept of a multicultural society. All countries share concerns about integration and issues of equality and anti‐discrimination. Additionally as the fear of terrorism spreads, community cohesion has become as a key national priority in many member states.
The EU also recognises and seeks to address these problems through its anti‐discrimination legislation and social inclusion policies. It emphasises the need to create genuinely intercultural societies as evidenced by this current Year of Intercultural Dialogue. The organisations involved in the proposed project have a clear understanding of indicators of inequality and discrimination in education and society through well established service monitoring frameworks and a vast track record in addressing educational and social inequalities based on strong evidence of need.
Education and sports organisations are traditionally at the forefront of addressing these issues within schools, communities and the wider public. However sports themselves are not immune from the discrimination and predjudices of broader society as numerous incidents in many football grounds from around Europe show. There is also a lack of systematic research and analysis to link learning processes with sports philosophies and principles to address social problems. There is also a lack of opportunities for teachers to develop the skills and understanding to help them to combine formal teaching with sports based pedagogies to tackle issues of racism and discrimination, as well as to involve communities and wider society in the process.
Editor's comments - [ This project seeks to review best practices and achievements of sport and education providers in the field of tackling racisim and enable dissemination of learning from this process through the development of an in‐service training course for teachers and coaches, and of a resource pack with a curriculum module for use with young people in schools. ] Reference this?Cryer, J. (Year). This page title in italics. Retrieved date, from <this page's full URL>
In the text: Cryer (year)
Reference : KROSSS. (2009). Kick racism out of schools, soccer and society. London: The Change Insititute
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