This [PhD] study analyzed the perceptions of 402 stakeholders of Kuwaiti sport regarding the importance of three domains of sport (i.e., mass sport, elite sport, and commercial sport), and the relative emphases to be placed on each of these domains. The respondents were also asked to indicate the organizational forms (public, nonprofit, profit, public-nonprofit combine, and public-profit combine) best suited to deliver related sport services in the country. The stakeholder groups were administrators of federations (n = 57), administrators of clubs (n = 80), administrators of youth centers (n = 50), coaches of clubs (n = 78), coaches of youth centers (n = 57), and elite athletes (n = 70). The gender distribution of the respondents was 355 males and 47 females. They ranged in age from 19 years to 70 years for a mean of 39 years. The statistical procedures included exploratory principal component analysis, computation of Cronbach’s alpha, multivariate analyses of variance (MANOVA) followed by univariate analyses (ANOVA), and chi square analyses.
The results provided support for the subscale structure of survey instrument modified from Cuellar (2003). Further analyses indicated that the six groups were almost unanimous in considering elite sport as more critical than the other two domains of sport. However, when forced to allocate relative emphases to be placed on the three domains, the respondents expressed that greater emphases should be placed on mass sport than on either elite sport or commercial sport. The respondents also chose the Public organizations and the Public-Nonprofit Combines as the most suitable to deliver most of the sport related services. Participants favored the Profit organizations in partnership with Public organizations to build and maintain sport facilities for Elite Sport. These results were interpreted as manifestations of Islamic and Arabic traditions which favored mass sport. Further, the choice of the Public organizations in combination with Nonprofit organizations to deliver most of the services was seen as a reflection of the current practice of Public organizations providing almost all sport related services.
Editor's comments - [ Some of the social rites that have stood the test of time in this country include traditional Kuwaiti food, sports, and family life. While certain aspects of society, such as national dress, have changed little over time, others, such as society’s leisure activities, seem to change with each generation. To most Kuwaitis who support tradition, modern sport activities do not represent a diverse and independently legitimized system from a cultural point of view. To them, the social structures inherent in sport do not exist independently of general social circumstances. ] Reference this?Cryer, J. (Year). This page title in italics. Retrieved date, from <this page's full URL> In the text: Cryer (year)
Reference : Aldousari, B. (2004). Sport development in Kuwait: Perceptions of stakeholders on the significance and delivery of sport. Ohio: Ohio State University.
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