In addition to the financial transactions between the Government, the National Governing Bodies of sport (NGBs) and the population already documented (Carnegie Research Institute, 2006), there are many non-financial contributions. Taking a lead from the consideration of social capital that has been so prominent in public policy debates in recent years, we have tried to assess the production of social, intellectual and technical capital by NGBs (and their regional and county arms). The material we present here demonstrates that these alternative forms of capital are considerable, but also shows how difficult it is to establish their true scale.
The very scale of participation in sport gives some hint of what a social force it is. Preliminary results from the Taking Part Survey conducted by BMRB on behalf of the Department for Culture, Media and Sport indicates that 52 per cent of adults (aged 16 and above) in England participated on at least one occasion in an active sport during the past 4 weeks. The equivalent figure from the General Household Survey for participation in sport, games and physical activities in Great Britain in 2002 was 59 per cent (28 per cent when walking was excluded).
However, these participation figures that government is so interested in, and expects to use in relation to the second round of Public Service Agreements, tell only part of a complex story. In trying to assess the contribution of NGBs we need to look behind these frontline statistics.
Editor's comments - [ This report sets out to identify the various benefits that accrue from the work of the NGBs, not just for those directly in membership of the NGB, but for other participants too, and for society more generally (including spectators, interested bystanders, and those with little or no interest or awareness of the activity). ] Reference this?Cryer, J. (Year). This page title in italics. Retrieved date, from <this page's full URL>
In the text: Cryer (year)
Reference : Welch, M. Long, J. (2007). Beyond the bottom line: An analysis of the social, intellectual and technical capital provided by National Governing Bodies of sport. Leeds: Leeds Metropolitan University
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