Challenges for London;
Hosting the London 2012 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games presents five key challenges in the arena of skills and employment:
- getting the facilities built to plan;
- making the Games themselves a triumph;
- showcasing and enhancing the reputation of London;
- creating opportunities for local people and for others with low labour market participation rates;
- leaving London with a legacy of higher-skilled jobs for better skilled people.
Games-related employment generation
We estimate that the Games will generate:
- 60,000 person years of employment in construction; or around 5,000 person years of employment in construction, each year between now  and 2012, equating to 35,500 person years of construction employment in total; around 11,000 additional person years of construction and other employment due to the multiplier effect; a further 15,000 person years of construction employment after the Games due to the planned legacy work;
- 30,000 jobs in staging the Games;around 3,000 staff employed directly by LOCOG; around 27,000 temporary staff contracted by LOCOG;
- 6,700 jobs in showcasing London; around 6,700 service jobs in retail, hotels and restaurants, transport and entertainment.
- up to 70,000 volunteer positions.
We draw a clear distinction between “person years of employment” and “jobs” – a person-year is the equivalent of one person employed for a full year. This is particularly important in the construction industry in which people are not necessarily employed in the same job year-round. A job is the regular work that a person does to earn money, and may last a very long or short period of time, predominantly the latter in the case of the 2012 Games.
Editor's comments - [ The authors suggest that this research should provide a platform for the Learning and skills council and the London development agency and their partners to build on in their planning for the Games. They have drawn on a literature review of the previous four Olympic Games and Paralympic Games in Barcelona, Atlanta, Sydney and Athens, and also the Manchester 2002 Commonwealth Games. ] Reference this?Cryer, J. (Year). This page title in italics. Retrieved date, from <this page's full URL>
In the text: Cryer (year)
Reference : Experian. (2006). Employment and skills for the 2012 Games: Research and evidence. London: LSC
The above reference is in the APA style: See why this is important in our [how to reference] us guide.
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