The evidence regarding physical activity participation and social capital and community development is mixed. Much of the current knowledge is based upon cross-sectional data, although there is some good support that physical activity interventions not only increase participation in physical activity but also have positive effects on the main elements of social capital (participation in networks, social norms, trust, reciprocity, cooperation).
This paper firstly provides an overview of the health benefits of physical activity and describes the concepts of social capital and community development and their relationship with physical activity. This is followed by a discussion of physical activity in different Australian population groups with a particular focus upon two disadvantaged populations in Australia, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders and people of non-English speaking backgrounds. The final part of this report examines physical activity programs that have potential to aide community development and delineates elements for effective strategies.
Editor's comments - [ This Australian report reviews the role of physical activity in building stronger communities. The review outlines the health benefits of physical activity and how participation in physical activity may help foster social capital and encourage the development of strong and healthy communities. Whilst we like it because of the level of it's access to students; we advise caution in the context of it's claims. Claims made are often based on correlations in cited work and of course, correlation should not be interpreted as cause. ] Reference this?Cryer, J. (Year). This page title in italics. Retrieved date, from <this page's full URL>
In the text: Cryer (year)
Reference : Chau, J. (2007). Physical activity and building stronger communties. NSW: CPHA
The above reference is in the APA style: See why this is important in our [how to reference] us guide.
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