The aims of the study were to explore:
- The influence of key transitions in young women’s lives upon levels of sports and physical activity, such as leaving school for a college, leaving college to attend university, leaving school for employment, etc.
- The influence of the environment upon levels of sports and physical activity – both in terms of the neighbourhood variables in the Oxford model and the notion of ‘positive’ and ‘negative’ environments (e.g. in terms of access to sports facilities).
- The influence of social and psychological factors upon levels of sports and physical activity (as outlined in the Oxford model), such as attitudes, and perceived benefits and drawbacks of participation.
The research was undertaken in two parts of England, the SouthEast and the West Midlands. A screening questionnaire was devised to identify 15-19 year-old young women who ‘always’, ‘sometimes’, or ‘never’ participated in sport and physical activity.
Following this, 75 young women were individually interviewed. The interviews explored participants’ history of involvement in sports and physical activity, and their current level of involvement. The interviews focussed in particular on environmental, life-stage, and psycho-social factors, and their role in influencing attitudes and behaviours. All the interviews were transcribed, and analysed thematically to draw out the main themes. Each participant was also asked to complete an ‘activity diary’ over the course of one week.
Editor's comments - [ The research described in this report was undertaken by the Trust for the Study of Adolescence (TSA), and was commissioned by Sport England. TSA was contracted to undertake qualitative research amongst 15-19 year-old young women, to identify the factors that both encourage and discourage participation in sport and physical activity. This information was required in order to inform Sport England’s policy and practice, and followed research conducted over the last year which was commissioned by the organisation. This previous research, conducted by The University of Oxford British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group (2005), resulted in the development of the ‘Oxford model’, a theoretical framework for understanding sports participation. One recommendation from this work was to conduct in-depth research into young women’s experiences of sport and physical activity. ] Reference this?Cryer, J. (Year). This page title in italics. Retrieved date, from <this page's full URL>
In the text: Cryer (year)
Reference : Cox, L. Coleman, L. Roker, D. (2006). Understanding participation in sport: What determines sports participation among 15-19 year old women? London: Sport England
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