Social capital can be defined as the social ties and networks that give people access to resources and information. It has attracted a lot of policy interest but it is not a magic wand that can cure all problems at neighbourhood level. Nonetheless it draws our attention to the importance of social relationships alongside other forms of capital, the importance of informal networks as a foundation for formal structures. Particularly useful is the distinction that has been made between bonding, bridging and linking social capital.
The case studies were carried out in Blacon, Leyton and Ovenden, with populations of between 11,000 and 14,000 people. Blacon and Ovenden have a predominantly white population; Leyton is ethnically mixed. All three neighbourhoods report problems in relations between adults and young people, but while Blacon and Leyton have a fairly active voluntary and community sector, Ovenden – which has suffered from economic restructuring and the loss of major local industries – does not.
Social capital outcomes – such as enhanced social networks and community self confidence – are not easily measured by mainstream performance measures. Quantitative measures are useful but do not capture the quality or complexity of relationships and need to be complemented by qualitative measures. Nor is it realistic to expect an increase in social capital over a relatively short period of time. Building trust can take a long time in neighbourhoods where it has been lost. However, a number of potential indicators of progress emerged from the case studies – from the numbers of groups and activities established, the opportunities that had been created for different groups to come together and new arenas for residents and service providers to work alongside each other to changes in attitudes, more willingness to engage among both communities and service providers, and more pride in the neighbourhood.
Editor's comments - [ This report explores the role of neighbourhood management in developing social capital at neighbourhood level. Drawing on case studies from three Neighbourhood Management Pathfinders it:
- discusses the meaning of social capital and how it is used in policy;
- describes the range of activities that can be seen as contributing to social capital in the three neighbourhoods;
- explores how their impact can be assessed;
..... and concludes by identifying key lessons and recommendations from the three case studies. ] Reference this?Cryer, J. (Year). This page title in italics. Retrieved date, from <this page's full URL>
In the text: Cryer (year)
Reference : Taylor, M. (2007). Neighbourhood Management and Social Capital. London: Department for Communities and Local Government
The above reference is in the APA style: See why this is important in our [how to reference] us guide.
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