Funding agencies and governments are investing millions of currency in sport development programmes in a myriad of African countries annually. Many are doubtful about the benefits or returns of their investments. It became clear at a ‘Measurement and Evaluation Experts’ Workshop hosted by UNICEF in February 2005, that there is a world-wide need for impact assessment within the sport+ and +sport frameworks. At that stage, the Sport-in-Development Impact Assessment Tool (S•DIAT) was in a preliminary phase and focused on the assessment of impact of sport-related programmes in impoverished communities in South Africa.
The conceptual framework for the development of the tool taps into merging paradigms and multi-disciplinary synthesis of an empirically grounded knowledge base of variable- and account-centred methodologies within the academic fields of differential levels of Social Impact Assessment (SIA), the anthropology of development (dealing with impacts across time and potentially-affected systems of human environment) and strategic management. With the focus on empowerment through research, a Participatory Action Research (PAR) approach has been adopted.
Various case studies in Africa contributed to the refinement of a tool that can be used for assessment of sport-related impact, from grassroots (community-based) to a macro-level (for inter-continental comparative analysis). The case studies include the following: i) Contextual information and a needs’ analysis of elite African athletes where data was collected during the 1999 and 2003 All Africa Games; ii) Methodological refinement for triangulated data in 2004 during a national study of the impact of democracy on women and girls in South Africa’s sport and recreation sectors; iii) Development of the PART (Participatory Action Research Training) model and refinement of indicators through several impact studies of the Australia Africa 2006 Active Community Clubs Initiative implemented in Southern Africa; iv) Refinement of methodology, baseline data and success indicators in alignment with the Millennium Development Goals through a national sport-for-development ‘Mass Participation Programme’ known as Siyadlala (2004-2006); and v) The implementation of the tool for facilitating sport and recreation provision by local government at a local community within the City of Johannesburg.
Editor's comments - [ This tool measures impact according to two main indicator bands relating to ‘the management and delivery of a programme’ and the impact on ‘human and social development’. Each band consists of several indicator fields and 50 potential indicators which can be adapted to assess impact at different levels (from macro to micro). The authors suggest that it can be implemented during different phases of programme development as it is premised on a pre-post research design which allows for a cyclic process of monitoring and assessment. ] Reference this?Cryer, J. (Year). This page title in italics. Retrieved date, from <this page's full URL>
In the text: Cryer (year)
Reference : Burnett, C. Hollander, WJ. (2007). The sport development impact assessment tool (S•DIAT) for monitoring and evaluation of sport-in-development projects in Africa. Johannesburg: Rand Afrikaans University
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